The Oral Bacteria Responsible for Gum Disease

Of the many different chronic oral health conditions that you may have to worry about, periodontal disease (or gum disease) is one of the most prominent ones. It’s also one of the more destructive, leading to high rates of adult tooth loss and increased risks of several other severe health conditions. Patients in Encinitas/San Diego who develop the disease can often experience a wide range of issues, much of which stem from the inflammation caused by a specific, harmful type of oral bacteriaPorphyromonas gingivalis. In fact, that inflammation can also pose a risk to more than just your oral health if it isn’t addressed as soon as possible.

A Look at P. Gingivalis

Every day, your mouth holds several hundred different types of oral bacteria that gather on your teeth and gums. Most are harmless as long as you keep the number of bacteria at a minimum by brushing and flossing them away every day. However, there are specific types, like P. gingivalis, that are notably harmful to your oral health. For example, P. gingivalis causes unchecked inflammation in your gums, which can lead to the destruction of the gums and the periodontal ligaments that hold your teeth roots in place. In time, the disease can also erode your jawbone structure, leading to the loss of one or more teeth by the time you treat it.

How to Protect Against It

The good news is that gum disease can largely be prevented with continuously good hygiene principles, including the successful control of P. gingivalis and other harmful bacteria. For example, brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing at least once, especially along your gum line, can remove the microbes before they have a chance to cause damage. Visiting your dentist or periodontist regularly will also help ensure that you address any risks of gum disease before it’s too late to prevent it.

Learn to Prevent or Control Gum Disease

Understanding the causes of gum disease, including the bacteria that form its building blocks, will give you a significant advantage in protecting your oral and overall health from it. For more information, schedule a consultation with Dr. Kania by calling her periodontal office in Encinitas/San Diego, CA, at (760) 642-0711.