Gingivitis – the first stage of gum disease – is common. In fact, more than 80 percent of adults have gum disease to some extent, and every case began with the formation of gingivitis. While most people know what gingivitis, they may not always realize they have it, which means they don’t seek treatment for it until the condition becomes more severe. At our Encinitas/San Diego periodontal office, recognizing and treating gingivitis as early as possible is an important way for us to help you protect your smile from the potentially devastating effects of more severe gum disease.
Your gums are getting swollen
Gingivitis describes an infection in your gums, and some of the harmful oral bacteria that cause it also incite inflammation throughout your gum tissues. If you notice that your gums seem red, swollen, and angry-looking, then it may be a sign that you should have them checked for gingivitis or more severe gum disease.
They’re bleeding more often
Besides becoming swollen, infected gums also tend to bleed, especially when you brush and floss your teeth. This may be minimal at first, but the longer gingivitis is left untreated, the more often it will occur. You might even taste or notice blood when bite down on your food too hard, due to the pressure on your severely infected gums.
Your teeth roots feel sensitive
As gingivitis gets worse, your gums find it harder to cling to your teeth roots, which they’re supposed to be covering and protecting. As they pull away (or recede), your gums will leave your teeth roots exposed, and over time, they’ll grow more sensitive to food particles, oral bacteria, and other irritations.
Your gums are pulling away
The more your gums recede, the more visible the recession will become, as well. Certain teeth may seem longer than others as their roots are exposed, and your gum line can lose its symmetrical, healthy appearance. Severe gum recession is also indicative of your teeth losing their support, making your risks of tooth loss significantly higher.
Your dentist tells you that you do
The only sure way to know if you have gum disease is for your dentist or periodontist to officially diagnose it. Your best chance of receiving this diagnosis, as well as appropriate treatment, is to schedule an examination as soon as you notice these or other signs of gingivitis. The longer you wait, the more severe the condition will become and the more extensive your treatment will have to be.
Learn if you have gingivitis
There are many different warning signs that could indicate gingivitis, but the only way to know for sure if you have it is with a professional examination and diagnosis. For more information, schedule a consultation with Dr. Kania by calling her periodontal office in Encinitas/San Diego, CA, at (760) 642-0711.